Kristen Shinohara

Assistant Professor | RIT School of Information | kristen.shinohara@rit.edu Google Scholar | @kristenshino | LinkedIn

Research Projects and Publications

Selected Projects: Design, Teach, Empower

Publications: Full Conference and Journal Papers | Extended Abstracts and Posters

selected project

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Empowering Disabled Graduate Students

In this NSF-funded project we investigate the barriers that graduate students with disabilities encounter in meeting their program requirements. This work focuses on graduate students in STEM fields pursuing their doctoral degrees.

People

Dr. Kristen Shinohara (PI)
Murtaza Tamjeed (PhD Student)

Project Alumni

Nayeri Jacobo (MS HCI)
Sunny Manduva (MS HCI)
Vinita Tibdewal (MS HCI Student)
Madison Russell (BS HCC Student)

Funding Support

Kristen Shinohara (PI). "Ethical Approaches to Empower Disabled Graduate Students in STEM," August 2019-present, National Science Foundation.

Kristen Shinohara (PI). "Academic Success for Blind Graduate Students in Computing and Information Sciences," RIT Sponsored Research Services Grant Writer’s Boot Camp Award.

Papers

Kristen Shinohara, Murtaza Tamjeed, Michael McQuaid, Dymen Barkins. 2022. Usability, Accessibility and Social Entanglements in Advanced Tool Use by Vision Impaired Graduate Students. ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work And Social Computing (CSCW). To Appear.

Murtaza Tamjeed, Vinita Tibdewal, Madison Russell, Michael McQuaid, Tae Oh, and Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Understanding Disability Services Toward Improving Graduate Student Support. The 23rd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 3, 1–14.

gold ribbon [Honorable Mention, top 5%] Kristen Shinohara, Michael McQuaid, and Nayeri Jacobo. 2021. The Burden of Survival: How Doctoral Students in Computing Bridge the Chasm of Inaccessibility.Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM, New York, NY, USA, Article 376, 1–13.

Kristen Shinohara, Michael McQuaid, and Nayeri Jacobo. 2020. Access Differential and Inequitable Access: Inaccessibility for Doctoral Students in Computing. In The 22nd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS '20). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 7, 1–12.

selected project

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Accessible Design

We investigate the accessibility of design thinking (including approaches such as user-centered design), toward improving accessibility of design tools and techniques.

People

Dr. Kristen Shinohara
Yiwen "Molly" Wang (MS HCI)

Project Alumni

Wenhao Leubs (MS HCI)
Junchen Li (MS HCI)
Dymen Barkins (MS HCI Student)

Papers

Junchen Li, Garreth W. Tigwell, Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Accessibility of High-Fidelity Prototyping Tools. Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '21). ACM, New York, NY, USA, Article 493, 1–17.

Related Work

gold ribbon[Honorable Mention, top 5%] Matthew Seita, Sooyeon Lee, Sarah Andrew, Kristen Shinohara, and Matt Huenerfauth. 2022. Remotely Co-Designing Features for Communication Applications using Automatic Captioning with Deaf and Hearing Pairs. In CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '22). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 460, 1–13.

Becca Dingman, Garreth W. Tigwell, and Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Interview and Think Aloud Accessibility for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Participants in Design Research. The 23rd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 71, 1–3.

Becca Dingman, Garreth W. Tigwell, and Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Designing a Podcast Platform for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Users.The 23rd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 59, 1–4.

selected project

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Teaching Accessibility in Computing Education

We investigate how to infuse accessibility in computing courses, toward increasing student learning of accessibility topics and skills, and ensuring teaching materials are readily usable by instructors.

People

Dr. Kristen Shinohara

Project Alumni

Lin Jia (MS HCI)
Brian Kelly (MS SE)
Rohan Patel (MS HCI)
Pedro Breton(BS SE)

Funding Support

Kristen Shinohara (PI), Yasmine Elglaly (PI), Catherine Baker (PI). "Collaborative Research: "Helping Computer Science Students Learn How to Build Accessible Computing Technologies," October 2021-present, National Science Foundation.

Papers

Lin Jia, Yasmine N. El-Glaly, Catherine M. Baker, Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Infusing Accessibility into Programming Courses. In CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts (CHI '21 Extended Abstracts), May 8-13, 2021, Yokohama, Japan. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 6 pages.

Rohan Patel, Pedro Breton, Catherine M. Baker, Yasmine N. El-Glaly, and Kristen Shinohara. 2020. Why Software is Not Accessible: Technology Professionals’ Perspectives and Challenges. In CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts (CHI '21 Extended Abstracts). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 1–9.

Catherine M. Baker, Yasmine N. El-Glaly, and Kristen Shinohara. 2020. A Systematic Analysis of Accessibility in Computing Education Research. Proceedings of the 51st ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 107–113.

Publications

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Full Conference and Journal Papers

Kristen Shinohara, Murtaza Tamjeed, Michael McQuaid, Dymen Barkins. 2022. Usability, Accessibility and Social Entanglements in Advanced Tool Use by Vision Impaired Graduate Students. ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work And Social Computing (CSCW). To Appear.

Jaisie Sin, Cosmin Munteanu, Michael Nixon, Velian Pandeliev, Garreth W. Tigwell, Kristen Shinohara, Anthony Tang, and Steve Szigeti. 2022. Uncovering inclusivity gaps in design pedagogy through the digital design marginalization framework. Frontiers in Computer Science. 4:822090.

gold ribbon[Honorable Mention, top 5%] Matthew Seita, Sooyeon Lee, Sarah Andrew, Kristen Shinohara, and Matt Huenerfauth. 2022. Remotely Co-Designing Features for Communication Applications using Automatic Captioning with Deaf and Hearing Pairs. In CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '22). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 460, 1–13.

Franklin Mingzhe Li, Franchesca Spektor, Meng Xia, Mina Huh, Peter Cederberg, Yuqi Gong, Kristen Shinohara, and Patrick Carrington. 2022. “It Feels Like Taking a Gamble”: Exploring Perceptions, Practices, and Challenges of Using Makeup and Cosmetics for People with Visual Impairments. In CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '22). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 266, 1–15.

Murtaza Tamjeed, Vinita Tibdewal, Madison Russell, Michael McQuaid, Tae Oh, and Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Understanding Disability Services Toward Improving Graduate Student Support. The 23rd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 3, 1–14.

Junchen Li, Garreth W. Tigwell, Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Accessibility of High-Fidelity Prototyping Tools. Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '21). ACM, New York, NY, USA, Article 493, 1–17.

gold ribbon [Honorable Mention, top 5%] Kristen Shinohara, Michael McQuaid, and Nayeri Jacobo. 2021. The Burden of Survival: How Doctoral Students in Computing Bridge the Chasm of Inaccessibility.Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM, New York, NY, USA, Article 376, 1–13.

Qiwen Zhao, Vaishnavi Mande, Paula Conn, Sedeeq Al-khazraji, Kristen Shinohara, Stephanie Ludi, and Matt Huenerfauth. 2020. Comparison of Methods for Teaching Accessibility in University Computing Courses. In The 22nd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS '20). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 6, 1–12.

Kristen Shinohara, Michael McQuaid, and Nayeri Jacobo. 2020. Access Differential and Inequitable Access: Inaccessibility for Doctoral Students in Computing. In The 22nd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS '20). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 7, 1–12.

Paula Conn, Taylor Gotfrid, Qiwen Zhao, Rachel Celestine, Vaishnavi Mande, Kristen Shinohara, Stephanie Ludi, and Matt Huenerfauth. 2020. Understanding the Motivations of Final-year Computing Undergraduates for Considering Accessibility. ACM Transactions on Computing Education. 20, 2, Article 15 (June 2020), 22 pages.

Catherine M. Baker, Yasmine N. El-Glaly, and Kristen Shinohara. 2020. A Systematic Analysis of Accessibility in Computing Education Research. Proceedings of the 51st ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 107–113.

Kristen Shinohara, Nayeri Jacobo, Wanda Pratt, Jacob O. Wobbrock. 2020. Design for Social Accessibility Method Cards: Engaging Users and Reflecting on Social Scenarios For Accessible Design. ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS). 12, 4, Article 17 (January 2020), 33 pages.

Kristen Shinohara, Jacob O. Wobbrock, and Wanda Pratt. 2018. Incorporating Social Factors in Accessible Design. In Proceedings of ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS '18), October 22-24, 2018, Galway, Ireland. ACM, New York, NY. 12 pages.

Kristen Shinohara, Cynthia L. Bennett, Wanda Pratt, and Jacob O. Wobbrock. (2018). Tenets for Social Accessibility: Towards Humanizing Disabled People in Design. ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS), 11, 1, Article 6 (March 2018), 31 pages.

Kristen Shinohara, Saba Kawas, Amy J. Ko, and Richard E. Ladner. (2018). Who Teaches Accessibility?: A Survey of U.S. Computing Faculty. In Proceedings of the 49th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (SIGCSE '18). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 197-202.

Kristen Shinohara, Cynthia L. Bennett, Jacob O. Wobbrock, and Wanda Pratt. (2017). Teaching Accessibility in a Technology Design Course. Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2017). 239-246.

Kristen Shinohara, Cynthia L. Bennett, and Jacob O. Wobbrock. (2016). How designing for users with and without disabilities shapes student design thinking. Proceedings of the ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS '16). Reno, Nevada (October 24-26, 2016). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 229-237.

Kristen Shinohara and Jacob O. Wobbrock. (2016). Self-Conscious or Self-Confident? A Diary Study Conceptualizing the Social Accessibility of Assistive Technology. ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS) 8, 2: 1–31.

trophy [Best Paper Award] Kristen Shinohara and Jacob O. Wobbrock. (2011). In the shadow of misperception: assistive technology use and social interactions. Proceedings of the 2011 annual conference on Human factors in computing systems (CHI '11). Vancouver, BC, Canada, ACM, 705-714.

Jacob O. Wobbrock, Kristen Shinohara and Alex Jansen. (2011). The effects of task dimensionality, endpoint deviation, throughput calculation, and experiment design on pointing measures and models. Proceedings of the 2011 annual conference on Human factors in computing systems (CHI '11). Vancouver, BC, Canada, ACM, 1639-1648.

Jacob O. Wobbrock, Alex Jansen and Kristen Shinohara. (2011). Modeling and predicting pointing errors in two dimensions. Proceedings of the 2011 annual conference on Human factors in computing systems (CHI '11). Vancouver, BC, Canada, ACM, 1653-1656.

Leah Findlater, Alex Jansen, Kristen Shinohara, Morgan Dixon, Peter Kamb, Joshua Rakita and Jacob O. Wobbrock. (2010). Enhanced area cursors: Reducing fine-pointing demands for people with motor impairments. Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST '10). New York, NY (October 3-6, 2010).

CACM cover [Cover Story] Kristen Shinohara and Josh Tenenberg. 2009. A blind person's interaction with technology. In Communications of the ACM. 52(8): p.58-66.

Kristen Shinohara and Josh Tenenberg. 2007. Observing Sara: a case study of a blind person's interactions with technology. Proceedings of the ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS '07). Tempe, Arizona (October 15 - 17, 2007). New York: ACM Press, pp 171-178.

Publications

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Extended Abstracts and Posters

Lilu Martin, Catherine M. Baker, Kristen Shinohara, and Yasmine N. Elglaly. 2022. The Landscape of Accessibility Skill Set in the Software Industry Positions. In The 24th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS ’22), October 23–26, 2022, Athens, Greece. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 4 pages. To Appear.

Laleh Nourian, Kristen Shinohara, Garreth W. Tigwell. 2022. Digital Accessibility in Iran: An Investigation Focusing on Iran’s National Policies on Accessibility and Disability Support. In The 24th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS ’22), October 23–26, 2022, Athens, Greece. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 7 pages. To Appear.

Urvashi Kokate, Kristen Shinohara, Garreth W. Tigwell. 2022. Exploring Accessibility Features and Plug-ins for Digital Prototyping Tools. In The 24th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS ’22), October 23–26, 2022, Athens, Greece. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 6 pages. To Appear.

Athira Pillai, Kristen Shinohara, Garreth W. Tigwell. 2022. Website Builders Still Contribute To Inaccessible Web Design. In The 24th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS ’22), October 23–26, 2022, Athens, Greece. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 6 pages. To Appear.

Becca Dingman, Garreth W. Tigwell, and Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Interview and Think Aloud Accessibility for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Participants in Design Research. The 23rd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 71, 1–3.

Becca Dingman, Garreth W. Tigwell, and Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Designing a Podcast Platform for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Users.The 23rd International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Article 59, 1–4.

Lin Jia, Yasmine N. Elglaly, Catherine M. Baker, and Kristen Shinohara. 2021. Infusing Accessibility into Programming Courses. In Extended Abstracts of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts (CHI ’21). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 1–6.

Natalie Maus, Dalton Rutledge, Sedeeq Al-Khazraji, Reynold Bailey, Cecilia Ovesdotter Alm, and Kristen Shinohara. 2020. Gaze-guided Magnification for Individuals with Vision Impairments. In Extended Abstracts of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts (CHI ’20). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 1–8.

Rohan Patel, Pedro Breton, Catherine M. Baker, Yasmine N. El-Glaly, and Kristen Shinohara. 2020. Why Software is Not Accessible: Technology Professionals’ Perspectives and Challenges. In Extended Abstracts of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts (CHI ’20). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 1–9.

Annuska Zolyomi, Taylor Gotfrid, and Kristen Shinohara. 2019. Socializing via a Scarf: Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Explore Smart Textiles. In Extended Abstracts of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI EA '19). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, Paper LBW0217, 1–6.

Cynthia L. Bennett, Kristen Shinohara, Brianna Blaser, Andrew Davidson and Katherine M. Steele. (2016). Using a Design Workshop To Explore Accessible Ideation. Proceedings of the 18th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (Reno, Nevada, USA, 2016), 303–304.

[ACM Student Research Competition Poster, Second Place] Kristen Shinohara. (2010). Investigating meaning in uses of assistive devices: implications of social and professional contexts. Proceedings of the 12th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility. Orlando, Florida, USA, ACM, 319-320.

Patel R, Shinohara K, Marshall L, Curioso W. Approaches to tagging by physicians: a design exploration. AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings. 2009 Nov 16:977.

Eun Kyoung Choe, Kristen Shinohara, Parmit K. Chilana, Morgan Dixon and Jacob O. Wobbrock. (2009) Exploring the design of accessible goal crossing desktop widgets. Extended Abstracts of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. (Boston, Massachusetts April 4-9, 2009). CHI '09. ACM, New York, NY.